Fortunately, in Britain, this process doesn’t go on for too long. Understand political terms used by government officials, and political candidates. Absentee Voting A way people can vote when they can't get to their polling place. Similar to a grievance debate, but in this case MPs have the opportunity to raise specific issues with the relevant minister. In optional preferential voting systems, a vote that was not fully completed and, in being counted, has reached its last candidate, still not made up a quota, and thus becomes worthless. A BIG List of Prefixes and Suffixes and Their Meanings, 199 Phrases for Saying Thank You in Any Situation ✅. Dog litter: Mess left by a dog. A vote cast by voters who are out of their division but still within their State or Territory which may be cast at any polling place in that State or Territory. Term coined by Teddy Roosevelt who thought the American presidency gave an immense platform to advocate his positions on many issues. This is the online edition of A Glossary of Political Economy Terms by Dr. Paul M. Johnson of Auburn University. Controversial as to whether or not a renewable energy. Wells novel, The Time Machine. Politics are confusing, scary, overwhelming, intimidating. In multi-member electorates, each voter having the same number of votes as the number of vacant seats (must tick off [say] three names). Sadly, it doesn’t always work as we would hope. In the US it is ratification by either two-thirds of both the Senate and H.O.R., or three quarters of the state governments. Book is now popular with both sides of the political divide. A law where there may have been conjecture as to its meaning, but where appellate courts have subsequently settled the issue. Please e-mail any comments or suggestions to Dr. Johnson at . eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'myenglishteacher_eu-leader-2','ezslot_17',680,'0','0'])); This is an ENORMOUS responsibility. A tax levied on goods and services such as sales tax, GST, VAT or an excise tax. Thus campaigns need to employ a number of well-connected organisers who can arrange events for the purpose of soliciting donations and then bundle all the cheques off to the campaign. An administration and associated government programs that have been superseded. Fr. He did not know political terminology in Finnish and used mostly English when meeting with visiting Finnish Communists. uncompromising and difficult! An act rarely forgiven in Commonwealth countries but common in the USA. Political terminology. The ‘cronies’ of politicians receive favouritism in legal permits, government grants, tax breaks, licences and other forms of state intervention. The Prime Minister of the UK David Cameron has CALLED a General Election: The UK is currently HOLDING an Election. Polling stations will all close at the same agreed time where upon teams of people begin the count. If approved at all stages it then becomes an act and thus law. Whether you’re writing to friends, colleagues or to a potential business partner, your main goal is to get your message across, in other words, to ensure the recipient understands you. Which one do you use? In modern times the most artful in this practice would be the government of North Korea. Even though conservative is defined as a traditionalist and is against change. Aka enabling legislation. Aka Shy Tory Factor. I've noticed a lot of them don't understand basic political science. For example ‘family values’ might simply refer to programs benefitting a normal nuclear family, or might imply religious values (eg. During an election, however, the election) in Parliament. But, as if that’s not bad enough, once in power, they are under NO obligation to stick to it at all! Original name given to the secret ballot due to the fact it originated there. Also the term for a group of people within an establishment with a common political leaning. Jarring: Incongruous, doesn’t seem to fit, seems out of place. Proportional Representation nurtures a growth in parties catering to most people’s needs while SMV systems over time, restrict parties to only two. Where they exist, some examples would be a constitution upon which the supreme court could review the validity of laws or executive decisions, recall elections for politicians and / or judges, veto power over legislation held by the chief executive, and citizens’ initiated referenda. Campaigns happen outside politics too, perhaps the most famous one in Britain was the ‘Anti-Hunting Campaign’. A speech on a particular policy issue would be described as B. if it added nothing to what had been said many times before. A person who accepts, with little critical thought, the conventional or orthodox attitudes of the day. Fictional examples are Jack London’s The Iron Heel, Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World and George Orwell’s 1984. A list of entrenched fundamental human rights as perceived by the declarer. The town square in ancient Greek city states used for political discussions and decision making as well as other activities such as artistic and spiritual gatherings. Australian citizens of at least 18 yrs are allowed (and compelled) to enrol. Ultimate pragmatist who believed policy decisions should be those that produce the greatest happiness for the greatest number. Term derived by author O. Henry for a short story involving the fictional Republic of Anchuria. In other words, once voted in they don’t, A common exercise in schools is to debate and then write their own Manifestos, trying to. The shortfall in any one year of a nation’s income as compared to its expenditure / the total unpaid accumulated debt of the government over time. Sadly, it doesn’t always work as we would hope. All of them could say they were working, although her role is mainly symbolic), the, The Prime Minister of the UK David Cameron has, All very specific terminology and phrasing. Electorates can also be multiple member and sometimes the term can refer to the voting public in general. The future of companies is predicted, business tactics are analysed, competitors are targeted and strategies are planned. Whereas all parliamentary legislation is final and cannot be challenged in court (apart from constitutional inconsistencies) delegated legislation can be challenged in court if it is shown to violate the purpose of the original act. Term used in the United States, Venezuela and the Dominican Republic to describe a slum area of a city occupied by Latinos. The set of basic rules by which a country or state is governed. Formal and Informal Email Phrases – from Greetings to Closing Phrases! First I need to explain the word PARTY as it has 2 meanings. She now lives with her family in Western France. OK, the Parties are now ready to LAUNCH their campaigns, time is ticking on. Go over some of the foundational concepts of political science by checking out this set of flashcards. Temporary interruption during a parliamentary session. A controversy (often a court case) arousing high public interest because of policy issues at stake. A voted Member of Parliament, When there are scandals in the news involving MPs, the people in the area they represent, (the constituents) feel let down and betrayed. Using language to distort or even reverse the meaning of unpalatable information that has to be given. It is alleged that some respondents, when speaking to pollsters, feel uncomfortable in not declaring their support for the so called “flavour or the month” or “political correct” candidate or position, and thus declare what they think is expected of them, even though in the privacy of the polling booth they will vote otherwise. Transfer of powers from the national or central government to state or local government. Any one-off reading is informative when taking into account what each country’s unit of currency will buy in its own domestic market. We vote for them, they are given a salary from public taxes and we expect them to behave in a certain way. GLOSSARY OF POLITICAL TERMS - A - absentee ballot - A ballot marked by a registered voter and mailed to a board of elections before the date of an election, as by a person who will be out of town or working at the polling place on that day or by an ill or disabled person who cannot go to the American Electoral College to choose the President. Opposition advocating free trade as an alternative, from such theorists as Adam Smith, David Hume and David Ricardo, as well as the Anti-Corn Law League, eventually led to their abolition, but unfortunately not before the laws’ exacerbating effects upon the Irish Famine. free market economic system abused to the degree where some business people have become successful due to their relationships with government. In ancient Rome, to prevent aggrieved plebeians from rioting it was ensured that there was always sufficient grain supplies, often at a subsidized price, and that there was entertainment, (chariot races, gladiatorial combats, etc) at stadiums such as the Circus Maximus. Originally that body of law which was common to all parts of England (not customary or local law) and developed over centuries from the English courts to be adopted and further developed in countries using that system. Derived from the Middle Ages French term of abuse for religious Normans who would frequently use the term “By God”. A wasteful government financed infrastructure developed at a cost much greater than its value, undertaken for local or political gain. Also includes agricultural products, animal products and animal wastes. A local election held to fill a suddenly vacated (single member voting) seat due to death, resignation etc. whilst the people working in them are CIVIL SERVANTS. To find out and publish on the internet private or identifying information about a public figure or organisation, such as their address. The day arrives and local vilage halls or sometimes school rooms are turned into POLLING STATIONS. Incumbent: Person currently holding an official position. A political body that exercises authority over a nation or state and has the power to make and enforce laws. Political Terms used in the United States. Political Suicide: A vote or action that is likely to be so unpopular with voters as to cause a politician's probable loss in the next election. Country house retreat of the British Prime Minister. For example they claim liberals supported slavery and segregation. That which teaches us to govern ourselves.” Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. In Australia, it is a proposal ratified by the Governor General and at least one house of parliament, and then approved in a referendum by a 'double majority': a national majority of voters in the States and Territories; and a majority of voters in a majority of the States. In espionage, a third party intermediary for two spies / agents to communicate with each other. To serve and perform menial tasks for an entity, or to be induced by pragmatism to endorse a belief, person or organisation that, in reality, one does not fully support. The two fictional races of the future from H.G. Term originated by British politician and author, Benjamin Disraeli. I'm CEO of MyEnglishTeacher.eu. The discipline that applies mathematics, statistics and probability theory to assess risk in human affairs such as insurance, issuing finance, and in some cases sentencing in criminal justice. This usually happens automatically when you pay taxes in the UK. But, with this list of political terms you’ll soon be part of the conversation.
2020 basic political terminology