Students will know how tides affect the Hudson River and be able to create a graph showing a two-day pattern of tides in the river. Air pollution from traffic can be a major problem in many parts of the world. Students can learn about pollution caused by phosphates. The Hudson River has one of the highest levels of PCB pollution of any river on the East Coast. There are a number of ecological concerns related to this practice, including an increase in turbidity due to infrastructure development for the wells and reduced streamflow due to water withdrawals for the fracking process. This cookie is set when the implied cookie consent message is accepted. A Salt Marsh Ecosystem Strand Biological Communities Topic Investigating the impact of physical environment changes on food webs Primary SOL LS.8 The student will investigate and understand interactions among populations in a biological community. Students will be able to discuss habitat needs and feeding habits of specific macroinvertebrates and understand connections that exist between the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem. Students learn about the factors that determine the quantity and quality of water flowing from any watershed, and the impact this has on aquatic ecosystems. We may use information from web beacons in combination with other data we have about our clients to provide you with information about Marsh and our services. How does dissolved oxygen enter into aquatic ecosystems? This cookie is set after the preferred cookie setting is selected and determines the cookies that will be installed and deleted. If you think of precipitation as the rain above the tree canopy and throughfall as the rain below the canopy, then plotting the two together gives you an idea of how the canopy is altering the chemistry of the rain. These catastrophic storms can produce significant thunderstorms, heavy rainfall, floods, and wind gusts exceeding 155 miles per hour. Students work in groups to design a fair test that will yield information for GROW, then review each others plans and decide on a final design. Cookies are pieces of information shared between your web browser and a website. These data show water quality levels for dissolved oxygen and fecal coliform bacteria at Manhattan. Even large raptor s such as osprey are supported by tidal salt marshes. This cookie is set when “strictly necessary” is selected in the cookie settings. What factors determine how much water plants lose through transpiration? Except as described in this cookie notice, we do not use third-party cookies on our sites, although we do use third party provided web beacons. Students design and set up model waste disposal systems that will help biodegradable plastic bags decompose. Hydrofracking, or hydraulic fracturing, is a gas production technique where the natural gas is extracted from rock deep underground using a cocktail of water and chemicals (fracking fluid), injected with high pressure. The DEC collected a variety of fish in the spring, summer, and early fall when eggs, larvae, and juveniles are more plentiful. A marsh is a wetland that is dominated by herbaceous rather than woody plant species. Marsh uses cookies on this site. Students will know why we call some species invasive and be able to discuss several traits that are common among many invasive species and be able to explain the effects of at least one invasive species on ecosystems in the Hudson Valley. Food Web II. Allow you to move around the website and use its features. Students use topographic maps to determine watershed boundaries and better understand how watersheds are delineated. There are different kinds of cookies with different functions: Session cookies: These are only stored on your computer during your web session. This unit's focus is on the  characteristics and historical drivers that primarily shaped the Hudson River ecosystem before European settlement. Students will know the components of the Hudson River ecosystem and be able to give several examples of ways that living and non-living things interact in the Hudson River. They eat almost any organism. A basic introduction to chloride and salt pollution. People and cities usually don't come to mind when ecology is mentioned. SURVEY . An overview of the Hudson River watershed. Students will learn about the habitat and life cycle of stream invertebrates with a focus on how the life history of aquatic invertebrates is connected to the terrestrial ecosystem. Do seed eaters have preferences for specific kinds of seeds? Key concepts include a) the relationships among producers, consumers, and decomposers in food webs. In this module, students will learn about the history of PCB's in the Hudson, how PCB's get into the fish we eat, and what has been done to remove PCB's from the Hudson River. Students will identify abiotic characteristics of pools and riffles in a stream and analyze, interpret, and display data they collected on during their field trip to Wappinger Creek. The next thing they think of is studies involving the relationship of plants and animals to one another. School sites are designed for humans and human activities. The salt marshes in the Barataria Basin, which are the focus of this RESTORE Food Web Study, accrete at sufficient rates to maintain habitat, should all other factors remain neutral. These cookies may be either session or persistent cookies. Part of a marsh food web is shown Which of the following statements correctly describes organisms in this food web? Photos and descriptive information about common invasive plants found in and around Dutchess County, NY. Students will know at what level of salt concentration aquatic organisms are affected, and be able to explain the results of an experiment to determine these levels. Students plan, prepare, and present an exhibition of their work to an audience. Third-party cookies: The function of this type of cookie is to retain your interaction with a particular website for an entity that does not own that website. Long term data from the Hudson River showing both dissolved oxygen and fecal coliform bacterial counts. This dataset provides data on PCBs in four species of Hudson River fish collected from various locations in the Hudson over 10 years (2001-2011). All scientific maps need to be verified by fieldwork (exploring the schoolyard). Questions arise out of scientific experiments that lead to other experiments. How do urban areas affect runoff? After cutting out pictures of the organisms, they create a food chain placing them in the proper order. Students will know how to recognize variability in hydrofracking data, and will be able to make an appropriate graph of a selected variable in Excel or by hand. They will learn how differences in land cover type may lead to difference in ecosystem (biological, physical and social) features, and how biological, physical and/or social features of an ecosystem can be inter-related. Students evaluate the environmental, political and economic consequences of their actions, and grapple with the difficult nature of making environmentally sound choices. Biology is brought to you with support from the Amgen Foundation. Students will know the origins of cadmium in the Hudson River, and will be able to integrate information from maps and text to describe how and why distribution of cadmium changed from 1975 to 1983. Students will decide whether their local stream or the larger Hudson River are healthy, using chemical and physical characteristics, and be able to collect data to support or negate their hypotheses. Record and count the number of visitors of certain webpages. Students will know how sea level rise may impact a local freshwater tidal marsh, and will be able to explain the changes to vegetation types. Marsh creates tailor-made strategies to manage today’s risks. Air quality refers to the health and safety of the atmosphere and is determined based on the amount of pollutants in the air. They do not gather any information about you that could be used for advertising or remember where you have been on the internet. Students will know the history of nutrient loading in the Hudson River, the consequences, and be able to recommend ways to reduce the levels of nitrogen and phosphorous in the future. Basic microbe and bacteria ID guide for students. This brief article provides and overview of the answers to those questions. This unit integrates ecology and evolution by focusing on the story of Foundry Cove, where thousands of pounds of cadmium waste were dumped from the 1950s through 1970s. Zebra mussels were first detected in the Hudson in 1991. Experiments revealed that alligators can modify crab interactions and behavior. Students will be able to compare the decomposition rates (or amount of decomposition over a set period of time) between different species of trees. A dataset containing various sources of salt pollution for the watershed of the East Wappinger Creek in Millbrook, NY. The minute, decaying grass particles create a nutritious "soup" that feeds clams, crabs, small fish, oysters, plankton, and shrimp. Students will know how the climate of the Hudson Valley has changed over the last 400 years and be able to explain these changes. These cookies do not gather information about you that could be used for marketing or remembering where you have been on the internet. Students recommend who GROW should hire as a scientist after reviewing three job applications. Long term record of maximum annual temperature at Poughkeepsie (air). This dataset examines how traffic congestion and associated pollutants are related to the demographics of the populations that live near traffic. For instance, a site may be able to remember your log in details, so that you do not have to repeatedly sign in to your account when using a particular device to access our site. Students will know how land use affects water quality and be able to compare water quality in two different aquatic ecosystems. Storm chemistry data collected at the Wappinger Creek on the grounds of the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies. Students will draw what they see. Students will read about the basics of dissolved oxygen and the ways in which it can be measured. Students will know how the application of road salt impacts water quality and be able to discover the different sources of salt as well as the amount of time that salt stays in the aquatic ecosystem. When you visit our sites, Marsh collects your internet protocol (“IP”) addresses to track and aggregate non-personal information. Students will use HRECOS graphs of Hudson River water temperature data from the month of July in the years 2010-2016, identify trends in the data, exceptions to the data, and make predictions about possible causes of the data trends. Students will know the importance of soil as a water filter, and be able to discuss how the composition of the soil impacts its ability to filter pollutants. Identify examples of producer, consumer, and decomposers 2. We use cookies for the following purposes: Strictly necessary: These cookies are essential in order to enable you to move around the site and use its features, such as accessing secure areas of the site. Unlike swamps, which are dominated by trees, marshes are usually treeless and dominated by grasses and other herbaceous plants. Students will know the major changes that have taken place in the Hudson Valley and will be able to use aerial photos to describe major trends. When we think about the water cycle, most of us think of a diagram with arrows moving from alpine peaks into the big, blue ocean. An overview of the history of wastewater in New York, including historic newspaper articles from the 19th century. This dataset shows their results for tomcod, striped bass, rainbow smelt, and American shad. Long term record of annual temperature at Poughkeepsie. Students learn that there may be a range of land use activities in any given watershed and we can use aerial photographs to determine the relative proportion of different land use practices in a large area. Models can be created to represent complex aspects of the real world. The next day they process their findings. Which soil and leaf litter-dwelling organisms live here? Students will know how to map puddles on their school property and investigate what lives in the puddles. Students will know the connection between land use and permeability, and be able to use data from a classroom activity to explain this connection. Do preferences change in different habitats or micro-environments? This cookie stores the landing page name through which the user arrives In this module, students learn how to monitor a local waterway for changes in water quality, and how the Hudson River has changed over time due to pollutants including nitrates, phosphates, and salt. There are many monitoring sites along the Hudson River. Is there a difference between the decomposition rates measured in the field and the woods? These data show the populations of Atlantic silversides, blue crabs, ctenophora (comb jellies), striped bass, banded killifish, pumpkinseed fish, spottail shiners, and sunfish compared to dissolved oxygen (DO) in the Hudson River. This unit is unique in that it focuses on collecting long term data about the changes in the populations of macroinvertebrates. These data show the annual average water temperature for the Hudson River at Poughkeepsie, NY from 1946-2012. Students will know how the climate of the Hudson Valley has changed over the last glaciation and be able to explain these changes. Does the amount of light affect the plant respiration and CO2 production rate? After building a basic knowledge of the water cycle and water in their schoolyard, students investigate the water budget of a leaf. Using data from the Hudson River Environmental Conditions Observation System (HRECOS) you can track the storm and its effect on the river. While sodium is less of a problem for organisms, chloride can be more harmful. Through a game and outdoor investigation, students compare the behavior of animals in different areas of the schoolyard and experience an authentic ecological research method. They will make comparisons among the data and predict the preparedness of NYC to withstand sea level rise. There are separate versions of the lessons that are appropriate for middle school and high school students. Students will know the concept of biomagnification and be able to explain how biomagnification relates to cadmium levels in blue crabs in the Hudson River. In 2016, we conducted a 15N tracer experiment to test the concept of bottom up vs creek edge and marsh platform control of mummichog production and have been processing and analyzing samples. the physical environment – percolation of water into soil, the social dimension – people’s use of the schoolyard. Students will know how land use affects water quality and be able to use macroinvertebrates to understand the impact of land use change in watersheds. Ducks and cormorants are aquatic birds that rely on the grassy marsh for nesting sites as well as food such as fish, shrimp, and crabs. In this way, they learn first hand what an air photo is, and begin to develop the skills of land cover classification and quantification from something that they've created themselves. Using aerial photographs Land Classification to determine what covers the schoolyard Land cover percentage (Building on skills from “Candyland Elementary School Land Use” lesson). Mangrove forests are found in the intertidal zone of tropical coastlines and estuaries, commonly in the tropical coastal … Students will know the relationship between light and dissolved oxygen and be able to predict what will happen when a plant does not receive enough light. Students will know how to test for salt pollution in their local stream and will be able to explain whether their stream is contaminated by salt through first-hand investigations. They are involved in breaking down a wide variety of organic materials of plants and Hudson River Ecology Data Exploration & NOS, This is a collection of lessons from the Hudson Valley Ecosystem that allow students to explore different aspects of their local environment by analyzing and interpreting data, Hudson River Temperature at Poughkeepsie (1946-2012), Hudson River Water Quality - Sampling Activity, Hurricane Impacts on a Hudson River Tributary. Different student groups become experts on different parts of the dataset. The collect and display their data in appropriate graphs in order to examine the factors that influence an animal's ability to survive. Pupils explore the variety of salt marsh species and determine their classification in the food chain. Students will know how temperature changes impact organisms and ecosystems and be able to discuss several climate change-related impacts on the Hudson River ecosystem. What happens to streams when it rains, both in urban and in rural areas? Long term record of the temperature of the Hudson River at Poughkeepsie. Which insects live on grasses and bushes in fields and lawns? Is there a difference in the decomposition rates between areas above and below ground? Ecosystems are defined as all the organisms along with all the components of the abiotic environment, interacting together as a system, within specific spatial boundaries. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has a network of real-time monitoring stations located along many waterways in New York State. In this dataset, you can explore how trends have changed related to milk production and sales in New York over time, as well as compare the environmental impact of milk production vs. apple production. The kick netting technique is also useful if leaf packs are washed away or dislodged and contents are no longer present in the pack. Students will know what lives in the Hudson River, and will be able to create a food web drawing to represent the organisms living in the river. In each marsh, we’re quantifying not only the food web, but multiple ecosystem functions. Students gain skills in field work and identification of these critters and have the opportunity to explore and interpret trends in their data as well as data collected by others. Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies | Millbrook, New York 12545 | Tel (845) 677-5343, A guide to invertebrate life in the leaf litter, Air Pollution Trends in the United States, Hudson River Ecology Water & Watersheds, Aquatic Invertebrate Life History and Populations, Balance of Photosynthesis and Respiration, 3-5 6-8 9-12, Biodiversity - Baltimore Ecosystem Study RET, Biomagnification: Cadmium in the Food Web, Blood Lead Levels, Poverty and Housing Trends for Mid-Hudson Valley and NYC, 3-5 6-8 K-2 9-12. For the best experience, please upgrade to a supported browser: Changing legislation and international expansion challenge food and beverage manufacturers. Students test factors that promote the growth of microbes, then use their findings to make compost. Both salt marshes and estuaries are affected by high and low tides. A map depicting the story of PCBs in the Hudson River. Tags: Question 10 . How big is it? Without these cookies, services you have asked for, such as obtaining a quote or logging into your account, cannot be provided. Google may also transfer this information to third parties where required to do so by law, or where such third parties process the information on Google’s behalf. These "biology briefs" provide a line drawing of common aquatic macroinvertebrates, plus information on their feeding habits. is an important measure of water quality and can be used to predict information about the local community of organisms. [Exploration with data from Wappinger Creek], Weather: How could storms affect streams? answer choices . Students will understand the different aspects of water quality and be able to use water quality test kits to practice testing for pollutants. A series of pictures and descriptions identifying common invertebrates found in litter packs. Different areas of the world have varying amounts of renewable and nonrenewable natural resources available. Students will know how to describe the forest community in their schoolyard and will be able to explain differences between two species in terms of one of the following: general health, location, density, carbon storage, or basal area. Students will know how land use affects water quality, and be able to calculate a macroinvertebrate diversity index to understand the impact of land use change in watersheds. First worms, crabs and other invertebrates eat the detritus on the marsh surface. Functionality: These cookies allow our site to remember choices you make (such as your user name, language or the region you are in) and provide enhanced features. They also imagine studies that show how organisms relate to the physical environment -- air, water, and soil. By 1992 they had spread throughout the freshwater and slightly brackish parts of the estuary and had a biomass greater than the combined biomass of all other consumers. In addition, the field trip is surrounded by classroom lessons that teach key concepts such as the effect of abiotic and biotic factors on stream ecosystems, food webs, and data analysis and exploration. This reading includes basic ecology of the water chestnut, along with information about the invasion of this plant in the region. Students will learn how to design a good investigation and the concept of a fair test. ... in conjunction with cookies to compile information about users’ usage of the site and interaction with e-mails from Marsh. The worms are carnivores. Students will define and classify resources from the Chesapeake Bay watershed in order to describe how each of these organisms interacts. Secondary Consumers Up and On From eating the Sheepshead Minnow is the Otter . Marsh Food Web. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. We performed collections of stomach contents to identify common prey. Organic matter that is washed onto the shore, or "wrack," is an important part of shoreline ecosystems because it provides habitats for macroinvertebrates and nutrients for both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. A short overview of the process of eutrophication. Students will know how to answer the question, “How likely is it that a striped bass caught near where the students live on the Hudson River will be above the FDA supermarket standard of 2 ppm?”   and be able to provide evidence to support their answer. The water in salt marshes varies from completely saturated with salt to freshwater. This cookie stores what pages a visitor has visited for the current session. Students recieve a request to survey animals and their food resources on a local site, then talk about what they already know and how they could find out more. Students will understand variability in the abundance of American eels (Anguilla rostrata) in tributaries of the Hudson River by comparing data from different locations over time. They do not collect any information from your computer. Students will know what herbivory is and will be able to identify different forms of herbivory. Students will understand how the invasive water chestnut plant impacts the Hudson River differently from the native water celery plant and be able to explain these impacts based on a series of graphs. American alligators are the top predators of freshwater marshes. In this dataset, students can explore how air pollution has changed over time in the USA and in New York. Marsh is a global leader in insurance broking and risk management, bringing global, national, and industry-specific solutions. The annual Riverkeeper Sweep is a day of service for the Hudson River. They also allow us to record and count the number of visitors to the site, all of which enables us to see how visitors use the site in order to improve the way that our site works. By investigating a familiar area, such as their schoolyard or a neighborhood park, students see their everyday environment as an ecosystem of which they are part. Using video, data, and hands-on investigations, students will explore how food webs and the abiotic resources and conditions of the ecosystem have changed in response to the zebra mussel invasion. Highlights We assessed potential impacts of alligators in a salt marsh food web. These data show the salinity (salt) levels at seven sites along the Hudson River. Students will know how the sewage levels in the Hudson River have changed over time, and be able to explain the consequences of these changes. They then make an "air photo" of this model and analyze land cover types from this. For more information about our cookie policy and the different types of cookies and web beacons we use, please click “Cookie Details” below or read Marsh’s Cookie Policy. Through field checking a map or photo scientists can come up with a more accurate map of the area studied which reflects change over time. Search Keywords. Clients have underlined how Marsh harnessed valuable food industry benchmarking data to identify key program cover improvements and “best in class” premium forecasts, alongside the negotiation of critical cover improvements that support business operations. Small birds such as terns on fish, insects, and crustacean species found in the marsh. The salt marshes in the Barataria Basin, which are the focus of this RESTORE Food Web Study, accrete at sufficient rates to maintain habitat, should all other factors remain neutral. Freshwater Marsh Food Web American Alligator Damselfly Red-wing black birds eat damselflies. This data can be collected over months or year to analyze and compare data on seed production over time. Tags: Question 10 . These cookies are usually persistent cookies. The toxification of the Hudson River has had a dramatic impact on the health of the river's ecosystem as well as the ability of people living along the river to use and enjoy it. What are the limiting factors to the rate of photosynthesis? Part of a marsh food web is shown Which of the following statements correctly describes organisms in this food web? This video provides an overview of Dr. Polito’s project. By 1992 they had spread throughout the freshwater and slightly brackish parts of the estuary. Cadmium in the Cove: What happened to it? Describes how the water cycle has been altered due to human actions, focusing on land use changes. This dataset shows dissolved oxygen changes over seven years in the Hudson River, clearly showing the differences in seasons (both temperature and dissolved oxygen). It eats the the sheepshead minnow, the Blue crab, and the Diamondback turtle. Students will know how to recognize variability in hydrofracking data, and will be able to make an appropriate graph of provided turbidity data. Students will evaluate available resources in order to create and maintain a native species environment. Allow you to access secure areas of the website. The birds are producers. The central investigation of this unit helps students answer the question "Where does the stuff living things are made of go after those organisms die?" Among other things, early scientists at the institute began charting the local food web. State and federal managers can then use the modeling tool to guide restoration efforts and help ensure Louisiana’s coast remains healthy and productive. Lesson Plan A Challenge from GROW. How does the Hudson River ecosystem respond to different types of changes over time? Teaching about the water cycle can be made more realistic and valuable for students by incorporating what they know about water-where it comes from, what happens to it after they use it, and what problems are associated with its use. Common algae found in the Hudson estuary answering: What is it?