A member of the Elaeagnaceae family, Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb is also known by its common name of Autumn Olive. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Leaves are alternate along the stems, ovate to lanceolate, with smooth margins. Goumi or Gumi scientifically known as Elaeagnus multiflora are the fruit of the deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub of the Elaeagnaceae family. They are high in vitamin A and E, bioactive compounds, minerals, flavonoids and proteins. Rapid growth, vigorous growing habits, showy-edible fruits and attractive appearance led the U.S. Elaeagnus angustifolia Linn. It is native to China, Japan and Korea. When planted right and in the right spot Elaeagnus shrubs are exceptionally easy to grow and care for. The unripe berry is silvery yellow. It has very beautiful bluish green foliage with silver cuffs which turns yellow in autumn. Fast growing and long-lived, Elaeagnus are most often used in the landscape to form quick natural or formal evergreen hedges and screens. It commonly bears sharp thorns in the form of spur branches. It's self-fertile, and berries ripen in September. This shrub is native to Asia and was introduced into the U.S. in the 1830's. It has sharp thorns, pale white to yellow heavily fragrant flowers, and vibrant red berries. Autumn olive is an introduced, fast-growing woody shrub in the Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster) family. It's native to Korea, Japan, and China. The fragrant small white flowers reach peak bloom around mid-May. It is illegal to purchase, sell or cultivate this shrub in some areas. This deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub or single trunked tree can grow to 20â or more in height. Invasive Species Specialist Group. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. I am beginning a fews threads on trees that I would enjoy documenting the process of. The leaves are alternate, dark green (young leaves have silvery scales) with entire but wavy margins. Leaves which are silvery at first maturing to bright green on upper surface. I reaaaally enjoy silverberries (which I found out JUST this year).. mmmm thorns and flowers pique my interest. Eleagnus umbellata is an invasive deciduous shrub or small tree that becomes quite competitive even in poor soils. Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) Introduced to the U.S. from Asia, autumn olive is a fast-growing woody shrub or tree that can attain 20 feet in height. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Elaeagnus umbellata is an erect, often thorny, deciduous shrub with widely spreading branches; it can grow up to 450cm tall and is often somewhat wider [ 11 Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. It can fix nitrogen in its roots. Oleaster. Fragrant white flowers bloom in May, and it reportedly improves soils where it's planted. It prefers consistently moist soil conditions, but is tolerant of drought. Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous shrub found in areas such as E. Asia - China, Japan, Himalayas. Autumn Olive is a deciduous shrub that can grow quite tall. Where not illegal, it remains an invasive plant that should not be planted or grown in any residential area (particularly in the central and eastern U.S.) where it is likely to spread. The autumn olive shrub is easy to identify when it is in flower or once the fruits have matured. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Leaves are alternate, simple and vary in size. It threatens native species by out-competing them and interfering with natural nutrient cycling and plant succession. Deciduous - elliptic, wavy-margined leaves to 10cm (4in) long.Height - 5m (16ft) The shrub can grow to a height of 4.5 meters and up to 4 meters wide. Flower: Bell-shaped, 1/2 inch long, very fragrant, lacking petals, yellow-white, appearing in spring. Broadleaf evergreen shrub or small tree, 6-12 ft (1.8-3.7 m) high, equal spread, irregular habit, branches often thorny, twigs yellow-brown or silvery. A single autumn olive plant can produce an abundant annual crop of edible fruits (to 80 pounds) containing up to 200,000 seeds. 2020 Invasive Plant Factsheet: Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) Autumn Olive's high seed production, as well as its adverse affect on the nitrogen cycle, now threaten native plant communities in many national parks in Virginia. Elaeagnus macrophylla â an evergreen shrub, with young, silvery leaves that turn dark green and typically fragrant flowers in autumn, followed by edible fruits in late spring. Autumn olive, scientific name Elaeagnus umbellata, is also called Japanese silverberry, spreading oleaster, autumn elaeagnus, or autumnberry. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is a deciduous shrub native to Asia that has spread as an invasive species throughout the United States. Elaeagnaceae. Elaeagnus Umbellata from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: vigorous spreading shrub or small tree. It has sharp thorns, pale white to yellow heavily fragrant flowers, and vibrant red berries. Summary. N.C. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is invasive in California. Used extensively for wildlife habitat, strip mine revegetation, and shelter belts, autumn olive thrives in disturbed areas open to full sun. Elaeagnus umbellata usually grows as a shrub with a widely spreading crown. Leaves are 24 inches long; they are silvery on both sides when young, later dark green above and silvery beneath. Introduced in 1830 as an ornamental plant that could provide habitat and food to wildlife, Autumn olive was widely planted by the Soil Conservation Service as erosion control near roads and on ridges. Silver scales are apparent on leaves, buds, and stems. Kartesz and Meacham recognize the variety Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Autumn Olive - Elaeagnus umbellata ï»¿- â¬10 per plant or â¬13 - 'Brilliant Rose' cultivar The Autumn Olive is fast growing has Nitrogen Fixing capabilities and when planted with fruit trees is said to increase the overall yield of the orchard by 10% whilst themselves producing a yield of delicious berries. In areas where it is not considered to be invasive, it can be used as an effective background plant, screen or informal hedge. Japanese beetles and 17 year locusts feed on the leaves. Wild Olive. Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium... Synonyms. It grows in a range of habitats, including forest edges, savannas, pastures, and prairies. The currently accepted scientific name for autumn-olive is Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Autumn olive has been found to easily out-compete, suppress and displace native plants in the landscape through rapid growth, root suckering, and self-seeding, resulting in the creation of dense shady areas that prevent continued growth of nearby plants which require sunny conditions to survive. Seeds are dispersed by birds. Elaeagnus umbellata - Thunb. Where is this species invasive in the US. Description Appearance. Leaves are green and distinctly scaly above, silvery and scaly below. Before it was labeled a noxious weed, autumn olive was often described as âfragrantâ in flower, and as âstunningâ in fall, with its bright red berries against its silvery foliage. These recommendations were quickly retracted, however, as soon as the invasive characteristics of the plant became better known. Seeds are dispersed by birds. (Elaeagnaceae) [5,18,19,29,38,46,48,51,57,71,75,77]. The leaves are simple and alternate and the margins are entire (no teeth). The fruits are single-seeded and 0.2-0.4 inches in diameter. More upright (to 1012 feet high and wide) than its parent, with thornless branches. Fully ripe fruits are juicy, sweet and tart, and may be eaten fresh off the shrub, dried or cooked (pies, jams or preserves).The genus name Elaeagnus comes from the Greek words elaia meaning "olive tree" and agnos meaning "chaste" or "pure".The specific epithet ubellata comes from the Latin word umbellatus meaning "bearing umbels" in reference to the flowers appearing in axillary umbels.