It is estimated that a quarter of the world’s coral reefs are irreparably damaged and that another two thirds are under threat. Its diet includes several toxic species, such as sea hares, boxfish and the crown-of-thorns starfish – a species that is known to destroy coral reefs. The fish is forced to hide in a crevice or hole in the coral and becomes sluggish as the poison takes hold. On this page, we’ll discover more about the humphead wrasse and why it is currently under threat …. Wrasses range from about 5 cm (2 inches) to 2 metres (6.5 feet) or more in length. The largest species of parrotfish, they can weigh up to 46 kilograms (about 100 pounds) and reach a length of 1.3 meters (nearly 4 1/2 feet). This fish is also known as the Napoleon wrasse or Napoleonfish. (7) The Humphead Wrasse usually lives a lonely life. Few species of wrasse are part of human diet. Learn more about this fascinating endangered reef fish …. Wrasse tend to be relatively small in size, with many species of wrasse being less than 20 cm in length. The humphead wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus), also called Napoleon wrasse, can be found in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and the Red Sea. However, the humphead wrasse is still fished for and exported illegally, and the global humphead wrasse population continues to fall. Discover An Endangered Rainforest Monkey. This fish is considered a delicacy in many of the South East Asian nations. One species of wrasse however is enormous in comparison, growing to more than 2 meters long. The wrasses are a family, the Labridae, of marine fish, many of which are brightly coloured.The family is large and diverse, with over 600 species in 82 genera.. Because the fish takes several years to reach sexual maturity, intensive fishing can have a devastating effect on the population. The Humphead Wrasse, also known as the Napoleon wrasse, the Napoleonfish or Maori wrasse, is the largest member of the Labridae family. Hunting Habits/Diet. These happen at certain times of the year. It is likely that any conservation measures designed to help an umbrella species would also be of benefit to many other species in the ecosystem. and crustaceans. (This is one reason why conservation of the humphead wrasse is important). They grow slowly and their life span is about 40 years. Bringing balance to … The Humphead Wrasse’s Main Characteristics. Axolotl Facts For Kids: Information, Pictures & Video, Plants Of The Taiga: A List Of Taiga Plants With Pictures & Facts, Nine-Banded Armadillo Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information, Bighorn Sheep Facts: Discover The Largest Sheep Native To North America, American Alligator Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information, American Badger Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information. The humphead wrasse is rated ‘endangered’ by the IUCN. Animal Facts, Humphead Wrasse, Nature About Humphead Wrasse Humphead Wrasse (also known as the Napoleon Wrasse) is a fish that holds a lot of beauty and has an incredibly important role, they are one of the protectors of coral reefs! They can be seen feasting on shellfish, other fish, sea stars, sea urchins and crabs, crushing the shells to get at the animal within. Humphead parrotfish use their strange, bony heads to ram… It’s one of the few fish that will come very close to you, making it easy to photograph its beauty! Also known as the humphead wrasse, this behemoth is known for its broad lips, strong teeth, vibrant colors, and the pronounced hump on its forehead. Black Rhino Facts: Discover The Critically Endangered African Rhinoceros. Like many wrasses, the humphead wrasse is a protogynous hermaphrodite. They are typically small fish, mostly less than 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long, although the largest, the Humphead wrasse, can measure up to 2.5 metres (8.2 ft). The humphead wrasse may not be the best-known fish on the reef, and it’s not going to win any beauty contests, but that doesn’t mean that this endangered species doesn’t warrant our attention. Fisheries Although historically fished commercially in northern Australia, Humphead Maori Wrasse have been protected under State legislation in Western Australia since 1998, and in Queensland since 2003. (The Indo-Pacific region includes the Indian Ocean from the east coast of Africa and the western and central regions of the Pacific Ocean.). Humphead wrasses provide a vital service to coral reefs by eating the crown-of-thorns starfish. The Humphead wrasse is a marine fish that lives on coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific region. (18) Another danger is the export of juvenile Humpheads for use in aquariums. This adaptation not only allows them to keep their habitat intact, but they are also keeping the coral alive since starfish do not have many other predators due to their toxicity. Some initial phase males then go on to become terminal phase males. The fisherman can then easily capture the fish, even breaking away parts of the coral reef in order to reach it. (8) The fish has a long life with the males living up to around 45 years and females living up to 50 years. The wrasses are a family, the Labridae, of marine fish, many of which are brightly coloured.The family is large and diverse, with over 600 species in 82 genera.. (20) Efforts are on to evaluate the genomes of the species to keep it alive. I believe that this has caused them to adapt to eating crown of thorns starfish which feed on the coral. 20 Mystery Facts about the Baltic Sea Anomaly, Top 10 Humphead Wrasse Characteristics that Have Helped It Survive, Top 10 Mysteries of the Georgia Guidestones, Top 10 Secrets of the Mysterious Overtoun Bridge about Dogs Jumping Off, 20 Facts about the Vile Vortices Around the World, 20 Mystery Facts of the Aluminum Wedge of Aiud, 20 Facts about Dumbo Octopus to Know what this Creature is, Top 15 Secrets of the Aokigahara Forest about Ghosts and Bodies, 20 Interesting Facts about Amelia Earhart to Know What Happened to Her, Top 10 Mysteries of the Yonaguni Monument with Underwater Structures in Japan, Top 10 Red Lipped Batfish Characteristics That Have Helped It Survive, Top 10 Thresher Shark Characteristics that Have Helped it Survive, Top 10 Jersey Devil Sightings with Pictures Proved it is Real, 9 Evidences Proving the Loch Ness Monster is Real, 10 Evidences Proof the Mokele Mbembe Still Alive, 5 Jersey Devil Stories Proof the Jersey Devil is Real, 19 Chupacabra Facts to Know What is a Chupacabra, Top 10 Mothman Sightings with Pictures Proved It is Real. They feed on the crown-of-thorn starfish which are reef predators and are destroying the coral reef. They are typically small fish, mostly less than 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long, although the largest, the Humphead wrasse, … Learn Wrasse facts for kids. The plight of the humphead wrasse isn’t as well reported as that of other endangered animals, but this large fish is an important part of the reef ecosystem. (12) The fish is an opportunistic predator. Therefore, having the humphead wrasse around is like having a guardian for an entire ecosystem. They are also known as Maori Wrasse, Napoleon Wrasse, and Napoleon Fish. But they don’t form the aggregations very far away. The humphead wrasse’s diet consists of mollusks, fish, echinoderms (star fish, sea urchins, etc.) These large, unusual echinoderms actually eat coral and damage the reefs. Here it recovers, ready to be transported and sold. It is also known as the Māori wrasse, Napoleon wrasse, Napoleon fish, Napoleonfish, so mei 蘇眉 (Cantonese), mameng (Filipino), and merer in … He breaks whole corals to find potential prey: snails, shells and sea urchins. The Wrasse family holds over 600 species and can be identified by the fact they then to swim with their pectoral fins rather than their tail fins. Wrasse inhabits coastal areas, rocky shores, coral reefs, tidal pools and sandy sea floor. Facts Summary: The Giant Wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "fishes" and found in the following area(s): Africa, Asia, Australia, Middle East, Oceanic, United States Minor Outlying Islands (Wake Is. Most species are elongated and relatively slender. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. There are more than 500 species of wrasse that can be found in tropical and subtropical waters of Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Ocean.
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